What is a vineyard decline?
-Vineyard decline is a complex problem that can be found in most vineyards. The degree of decline can vary from a few vines to large acreages.
-Decline causes economic losses to the grower.
-Decline can be caused by soil conditions, poor irrigation practices, nutritional deficiencies or excesses, or biological factors, or a combination of these.
-This publication will discuss the common biological factors causing decline.
File Size1.8 MiB
DateJune 21, 2013
AuthorJames J. Kissler, Rudy A. Neja